Enterprise Investment Schemes (EIS) and Seed Enterprise Investment Schemes (SEIS) developed from a government strategy to direct private investment into small start-up businesses. 

Exceptional tax benefits are available when you invest in these schemes, but they are generally considered to be high-risk and you should seek professional advice before investing.

Broadly similar in structure to an investment trust, a Venture Capital Trust (VCT) is a company which buys shares in, or lends money to, small start-up companies. Like EIS and SEIS, VCTs offer generous tax benefits.

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